Huwebes, Abril 5, 2012

On Calling Him 'Jehovah'

On Calling Him 'Jehovah'

GOD'S MESSAGE/January 2012

THOUGH I CONSIDER myself as having religion.  I must admit that I have little knowledge about God and the Bible... One of my friend once told me that whoever shall worship Jehovah, call on the name Jehovah, as in Jehovah's Witnesses, will be saved. this makes me uncomfortable for I'm not used calling God by that name in my prayers.  So I want to ask your stand on addressing God by the name Jehovah.  And how does the Church Of Christ address our Lord God?

Marcel Craig
Brooklyn,  New York

Editor's reply:
Thank you for asking us on matter concerning God and how to address Him.

    The Jehovah's Witnesses, as a religious group, is indeed known for strictly using the name "Jehovah" in addressing God.  Some of it's zealous members, in trying to promote their faith, even go as far a claiming that one will not be saved unless he calls God by that name.  Such serious assertion indeed calls for profound critical investigation as regards the use of "Jehovah" in reference to God.

     What Bible scholars and historians of religion say about the use of the name"Jehovah"?  As to age, the Rotherham Emphasized Bible reports, "The pronunciation Jehovah was unknown until 1520, when it was introduced by Galatinus; but was contested by Le Mercier, J. Drusius, and L. Capellus, as against grammatical and historical propriety ... (pp. 24-25, emphasis ours).  As to form, and pronounced ... which is merely a combination of the sacred Tetragrammaton and the vowels in the Hebrew word for Lord" (Ibid., pp. 24-25).  The Harper's Bible Dictionary corroborates by stating,  "The hybrid word 'Jehovah' is a combination of the vowels of  'Adonai' with the consonants of tetragrammaton;  its appearance in the KJV was the result of the translators' ignorance of the Hebrew language and customs" (p. 1036, emphasis ours).  Hence, as The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge aptly concludes, "JEHOVAH" is "an erroneous form of the divine name of the covenant God of Israel which appears first about 1520 A.D." (Vol VI, p. 16, emphasis ours).

     Explanation on the occurence of this erroneous form of God's name in the Bible is stated in The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology:

     "The form Jehovah arose out of a misunderstanding which in turn arose out of the reluctance of pious Jews to pronounce the devine name (c. 300 b.c.).  Instead they uttered the word 'adonay my Lord.  In MT [Masoretic Text] the deine name was written with the consonants o YHWH and the vowels of 'adonay, as a reminder to say the latter whenever the word was read.  The divine name appears as yehowah in the Mt.  The LXX [Septuagint] reflects the Jewish reluctance to pronounce the divine name and puts the words kyrios, -- Lord, in its place.  The RSV and other Eng. versions also reflect the practice by giving the word Lord in captal letters whenever the name YHWH stands in the text.  The Lat. likewise gives the word Dominus, Lord, for YHWH The form Jehovah is thus a malformation giving what is virtually a transliteration of a word which is found in the text of the Heb. OT, but which was never actually used as a word." (Vol. II, pp. 69-70, emphasis ours)

     Finally, the late Distinguished Service Professor of Talmud and Rector of the Rabbinical School in Jewish Theological Seminary of America, Saul Lieberman, Ph.D., identified openly how the rendition 'Jehovah' came to be.  Writing for Microsoft Encarta, he expounded: 

     "Jehovah, name of the god of the Hebrew people as erroneously transliterated from the Masoretic Hebrew text.  The word consist of the consonants JHVH or JHWH, with the vowels of a separate word, Adonai (Lord).  What its original vowels were is a matter of speculation, for because of an interpretation of such texts as Exodus 20:7 and Leviticus 24:11, the name came to be regarded as too sacred for expression; the scribes, in reading aloud, substituted "Lord" and therefore wrote the vowel markings for "Lord" into the consonantal framework JHVH as a reminder to future readers aloud.  The translators of the Hebrew, not realizing what the scribes had done, read the word as it was written down, taking the scribal vowel markings as intrinsic to the name of their God rather than as a mere reminder not to speak it.  From this came the rendition Jehovah ... " ("Jehovah." Microsoft Encarta 2006 [CD])

     These, among others, clearly prove that the supposed name of God which 'Jehovah's Witnesses' allege as His only true name, is an erroneous form of the divine name of the Creator.  to insist on using the term in reference to God, to say the least, is to propagate an error. 

     Church Of Christ members reverently address the Almighty God as 'Father' and 'Lord'.  For doing this, we simply abide by the example set by the early Christians and Jesus Christ Himself:

     "In this manner, therefore, pray:  Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name." (Matt.6:9, New King James Version)

     "So when they heard that, they raised their voice to God with one accord and said:  'Lord, You are God, who made heaven and earth and the sea, and all that is in them'."  (Acts 4:24, Ibid.)

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